How to perform measurements


Step 1 - Turn the machine on

Simply plug in the machine into power using the supplied USB adapter. Please don't use any other USB adapter than the one supplied with the machine - it might not provide sufficiently high quality power! (To turn the machine off when you are done, simply unplug it.)

plugging in the machine

There is no power button - the machine will start automatically.

Step 2 - Self-calibration

The machine will show "CALIBRATING, PLEASE WAIT" - you must not place any items / samples on the sensor while this is happening! When it's done (it takes about 10 seconds), the machine will display "READY".

Step 3 - Measure!

Simply put the item on the sensor and the machine will show the results in less than a second!

FabriTell measurement  PlasTell measurement

Step 4 - Obtaining accurate results


Rule 1 - Do not move the sample

Please ensure that you  do not move the sample  while the machine is measuring. The machine tries to detect if you accidentally move the sample while measuring (it would show the KEEP STEADY error message). See the images above for the best way to measure - put item quickly onto the sensor then wait.

       

Rule 2 - As flat as possible

Place the item on the sensor as  flat as possible  and as stable as possible. 



Rule 3 - Push down soft items

Especially with our  FabriTell  device, it is important you  push the sample onto the sensor  so that it forms a flat and continuous layer.

Rule 4 - Black and dark samples

Most black and dark  plastics  can't be identified. This is because the manufacturers add a pigment, carbon black, which absorbs all the infrared rays and as a result, we don't observe any useful signals. This is a problem for our machine as well as for any other near-infrared machine - if you need to identify black samples you need other techniques such as FTIR or XRF. The good news is that dyes are being developed which are black yet don't prevent the identification and multiple plastic container manufacturers have now started using them so we expect this situation to improve in the future.

Most black and dark  fabrics  can be identified. For natural fibres (e.g. cotton and wool), black dyes are used and not pigments and there are typically no issues. For synthetic fibres (such as polyester, polyamide and acrylic) the manufacturers either use dyes (which coat the surface of the fibres) which cause no issues or pigments (which are added to mixture before spinning the fibres, such as carbon black) which do cause problems.

The machine includes a detection system for dark and black samples - the screen will show "TOO DARK".

Rule 5 - Orient small samples

When measuring with  smaller samples , completely covering the detector is best but in cases when that is not possible, the sample should be placed in on the right as the centre photo shows.


Rule 6 - Don't cover transparent samples (PlasTell)

If the plastic sample is transparent, you must not cover it with your hand - you would prevent the external lamp of the device from shining through the sample. 

           
  


Rule 7 - Don't measure printed areas or labels

Labels and printed areas of both plastics and fabrics are often made of different material than the rest of the item. You must not measure such areas as the identification will not be accurate.

             

Rule 8 - Fold thin samples

Usually, the thicker a sample is, the better results can be obtained.  You should fold thin plastic films and thin fabrics .